癫痫杂志

癫痫杂志

癫痫患者更换抗癫痫药物后的预后分析:一项配对的前瞻性研究

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一系列单队列研究已对癫痫患者更换抗癫痫药物(AEDs)预后进行了分析。研究以对照研究方式第一次探究了这个问题,针对服用所有类型的AEDs的控制不佳和癫痫无发作的癫痫患者,通过配对前瞻性研究方法对这些结果作进一步补充。研究回顾9个月内所有的门诊患者以确定单药治疗局灶性癫痫患者。并将更换AEDs的患者作为病例组,维持原来单药治疗方案作为对照组。分别针对发作现状(前6个月内是否有癫痫发作)、目前AEDs和控制不佳的AEDs数量对病例组和对照组进行配对,并在6个月后评估结果。病例组中癫痫无发作患者(n=12) 在6个月随访期间癫痫发作复发率为16.7%,对照组为2.8%(n=36,P=0.11)。病例组中控制不佳癫痫患者(n=27) 在6个月随访期癫痫发作缓解率为37%,对照组为55.6%(n=27,P=0.18)。控制不佳癫痫患者中治疗失败的药物在2种或2种以上的患者更不容易在6个月内达到病情缓解(P=0.057)。AEDs的药理机制和改变AEDs剂量均对癫痫预后无影响。研究进一步对癫痫无发作患者进行评估,更换药物的患者比维持原药物治疗患者癫痫发作的复发风险高14%。与维持原来药物方案相比,更换AEDs对控制不佳癫痫患者来说并不可能更易获得缓解,说明癫痫缓解是疾病的自发性改变,而非药物作用。

关键词: 抗癫痫药物; 癫痫发作复发; 癫痫发作缓解

引用本文: JonMarc Finamore, MichaelR Sperling, ZhanTingting, 张颖颖, 熊维希, 慕洁. 癫痫患者更换抗癫痫药物后的预后分析:一项配对的前瞻性研究. 癫痫杂志, 2017, 3(5): 423-429. doi: 10.7507/2096-0247.20170067 复制

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